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Glossary of various types of nails and screws

Glossary of various types of nails and screws commonly used in home remodeling:

Glossary of Nails

1. Common Nails

  • Description: Thick, strong nails with a wide head.

  • Uses: General construction, framing, and carpentry work.

  • Sizes: Range from 1 inch to 6 inches.

2. Finish Nails

  • Description: Smaller in diameter with a smaller head than common nails.

  • Uses: Finish carpentry, trim, molding, where appearance is important.

  • Sizes: Typically 1 inch to 4 inches.

3. Box Nails

  • Description: Similar to common nails but thinner.

  • Uses: Light construction and woodworking where splitting is a concern.

  • Sizes: Various sizes available.

4. Brad Nails

  • Description: Small, thin nails with a fine head.

  • Uses: Delicate trim and molding work, less likely to split wood.

  • Sizes: Usually 1/2 inch to 1 1/2 inches.

5. Roofing Nails

  • Description: Short nails with a wide, flat head and usually galvanized.

  • Uses: Specifically for attaching roofing materials.

  • Sizes: Commonly 1 inch to 2 inches.

6. Masonry Nails

  • Description: Made from hardened steel, often fluted or grooved.

  • Uses: Fastening to stone, concrete, or brick.

  • Sizes: Varying lengths and thicknesses.

7. Drywall Nails

  • Description: Feature a ringed or barbed shank for better grip.

  • Uses: Specifically for hanging drywall panels.

  • Sizes: Typically 1 1/4 inch to 1 3/8 inches.

8. Double-Headed Nails

  • Description: Nails with two heads for easy removal.

  • Uses: Temporary construction like form work or scaffolding.

  • Sizes: Various sizes available.

Glossary of Screws

1. Wood Screws

  • Description: Sharp-pointed with a coarse thread.

  • Uses: Joining pieces of wood.

  • Sizes/Types: Various lengths and head types (flat, round, or oval).

2. Sheet Metal Screws

  • Description: Sharp-pointed with a finer thread than wood screws.

  • Uses: Fastening metal pieces or attaching metal to wood.

  • Sizes/Types: Various lengths; head types include flat, pan, or hex.

3. Drywall Screws

  • Description: Feature a bugle head to prevent damage to the drywall surface.

  • Uses: For hanging drywall.

  • Sizes/Types: Lengths usually 1 inch to 3 inches; fine thread for metal studs and coarse thread for wood studs.

4. Deck Screws

  • Description: Similar to wood screws but often coated for corrosion resistance.

  • Uses: Building decks, outdoor structures.

  • Sizes/Types: Various lengths; typically have a flat or bugle head.

5. Machine Screws

  • Description: Uniform diameter with fine threads; blunt end.

  • Uses: Fastening metal to metal, often used with nuts.

  • Sizes/Types: Many lengths; head types include flat, round, pan, and truss.

6. Masonry Screws

  • Description: Made from hardened steel, designed to tap into concrete, stone, or brick.

  • Uses: Fastening to masonry materials.

  • Sizes/Types: Various lengths; require a pre-drilled hole.

7. Self-Tapping Screws

  • Description: Can tap their own hole as they're driven into the material.

  • Uses: Fastening metal, wood, or plastic without pre-drilling.

  • Sizes/Types: Various lengths and head types.


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